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Cheese In A Mouse

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CARUD (PRONOUNCED CORD) BAILEY SERVED IN THE 366TH INFANTRY BRIGADE WITH LT. JOHN FOX, AN ARTILLERY FORWARD OBSERVER. THE YOUNG FIRST SARGEANT WAS SOON TO GET A LESSON IN THE FIGHTING SPIRIT OF THE BLACK SOLDIER. WHEN ENEMY TROOPS SURROUNDED FOX’S POSITION INSIDE A HOUSE AND WERE ABOUT TO OVERRUN HIM, HE ORDERED ARTILLERY FIRE DIRECTLY ON HIS OWN POSITION, SACRIFICING HIS LIFE. FOX’S HEROIC ACTIONS ON DECEMBER 26, 1944 BOUGHT VALUABLE TIME THAT HELP SAVE OTHER TROOPS.

THE NEXT MAJOR BATTLE FOR FIRST SGT CARUD BAILEY AND THE 366TH DIVISION OF THE 92ND INFANTRY WOULD OCCUR IN FEBRUARY 1945.

THE FIFTH ARMY POSTPONED ITS MAJOR OFFENSIVE UNTIL APRIL DUE TO WEATHER CONDITIONS, BUT GENERAL ALMOND DECIDED THAT HIS DIVISION WOULD LAUNCH ITS OWN ATTACK IN FEBRUARY. ALMOND DEVISED HIS OPERATION NOT AS A BREAKTHROUGH ASSAULT BUT AS A DIVISIONAL STRENGTH “FEELER MOVEMENT,” INTENDED TO DETERMINE ENEMY STRENGTH AND DEPLOYMENT, DRAW MORE ENEMY TROOPS TO THE AREA AND ENHANCE THE DIVISION’S OWN POSITION.

TROOPS IN THE SERCHIO VALLEY WERE TO SEIZE THE LAMA DI SOTTO BRIDGE, OVERLOOKING THE GERMAN SUPPLY CENTER. THEY WERE TO CREATE A DIVERSION WHILE THE MAIN ASSAULT CONCENTRATED ON THE COASTAL SECTOR. ALMOND HOPED TO REACH THE STRETTOIA HILL MASS ON THE COAST, JUST NORTH OF THE CINQUALE CANAL, AND THEN TAKE MASSA. ONCE IN MASSA, AMERICAN ARTILLERY WOULD COME WITHIN FIRING RANGE OF THE ENEMY’S NAVAL BASE.

UNITS WERE MOVED AROUND SO THAT THE 370TH AND 371ST OCCUPIED THE COASTAL SECTOR WHILE THE 365TH INFANTRY WENT TO THE SERCHIO VALLEY. BAILEY’S UNIT, THE 366TH WAS DIVIDED BETWEEN BOTH AREAS.

ON FEBRUARY 4, THE 366TH HELD GALLICANO, AND THE NEXT DAY IT PUSHED ITS LINES INTO THE OUTLYING VILLAGES. THE 365TH, TO THE EAST OF THE SERCHI RIVER, TOOK THE TOWN OF LAMA, JUST NORTH OF SOMMOCOLONIA, AND OCCUPIED MOUNT DELLA STELLA AT THE FOOT OF THE LAMA DI SOTTO RIDGE. THE 365TH HELD OUT AGAINST NUMEROUS COUNTERATTACKS UNTIL FEBRUARY 8, WHEN A FULL BATTALION OF GERMANS PUSHED THE AMERICANS OFF THE HILL AND OUT OF LAMA. AT NIGHTFALL, ON FEBRUARY 10TH, AFTER ENCOUNTERING GRUELING ARTILLERY FIRE AND GRENADIER ATTACKS, THE BUFFALO SOLDIERS OF THE 366TH RETOOK LAMA.

THE BUFFALO SOLDIERS ON THE COAST WERE HIT JUST AS HARD AS THEIR COMRADES IN THE VALLEY. THE GERMANS HAD TANKS, FIELD ARTILLERY, AND THOUSANDS OF GROUND TROOPS TO PROTECT LASPEZIA AND THEY COULD CALL ON HEAVY COASTAL GUNS, WHICH WERE UNAVAILABLE TO THE AMERICANS. FIRE FROM THE POWERFUL COASTAL GUNS LEFT CRATERS SO LARGE THAT THE ALLIED TANKS LITERALLY FELL INTO THEM.

THE REMAINDER OF THE 366TH AND ITS SUPPORTING ARMOR–INCLUDING ANOTHER BLACK UNIT, THE 748TH TANK BATTALION–ADVANCED ALONG THE COAST. RIDING ON THE TANKS, THE 366TH ROLLED INTO THE SEA TO AVOID MINES, THAN CAME BACK ONTO DRY LAND. THE FIRST TWO TANKS TO HIT THE BEACH WERE KNOCKED OUT BY MINES AND BLOCKED THE WAY. BEFORE LONG MINES DESTROYED FOUR MORE TANKS. THE FOUL WEATHER, WHICH PROMPTED THE FIFTH ARMY TO DELAY ITS ATTACK UNTIL APRIL, MEANT NO AIR SUPPORT FOR THE BUFFALO SOLDIERS. ARTILLERY FIRE PREVENTED ENGINEERS FROM LAYING A BRIDGE. THREE TANKS WERE LOST WHEN THEY FELL INTO UNDERWATER CRATERS WHILE CROSSING THE CANAL.

DESPITE NUMEROUS COUNTERATTACKS, THE BUFFALO SOLDIERS ESTABLISHED A LINE OF DEFENSE NORTH OF THE CANAL. WITHOUT A BRIDGE, THEY HAD TO HAND-CARRY SUPPLIES ACROSS THE WATER. CASUALTIES WERE MOUNTING, AND THE COASTAL GUNS KEPT POUNDING AWAY. ON THE NIGHT OF FEBRUARY 10TH, ALMOND CALLED OFF THE ATTACK AND ORDERED HIS TROOPS BACK ACROSS THE CANAL. THE FEBRUARY OPERATION COST 22 TANKS AND MORE THAN 1,100 CASUALTIES, INCLUDING 56 OFFICERS. FIRST SGT. CARUD BAILEY WAS ONE OF THOSE CASUALTIES. HE HAD GIVEN HIS LIFE FOR THE DOUBLE VICTORY.

THE BUFFALO SOLDIERS DID IN FACT BREAK THROUGH THE GOTHIC LINE. THEY REACHED THEIR OBJECTIVE, CAPTURED OR HELPED CAPTURE NEARLY 24,000 PRISONERS AND RECEIVED MORE THAN 12,000 DECORATIONS AND CITATIONS FOR THEIR GALLANTRY IN COMBAT, INCLUDING A POSTHUMOUS DISTINGUISHED CROSS FOR LT. JOHN FOX. THE SOLDIERS OF THE 92ND INFANTRY DIVISION HAD PROVEN THEIR WORTH THROUGH MONTHS OF BITTER COMBAT IN THE ITALIAN CAMPAIGN.

I’M Colonel Butch Murphy, U.S. Army-Retired, AND THANK YOU FOR JOINING US ON THE MILITARY SEGMENT OF THE FEBONE1960.NET BLACK HISTORY MONTH CALENDAR. JOIN US TOMORROW AS WE FACE A SHOWDOWN WITH JIM CROW.

For Spanish and hearing impaired versions, please go to the Febone1960.net Black History Month Calendar

FEBONE1960.NET IS EXPERIENCING TECHNICAL PROBLEMS WITH THE HEARING IMPAIRED AND SPANISH VIDEOS. TO COVER THOSE AREAS WE HAVE PLACED THE WRITTEN TEXT ON THE BLOG IN ENGLISH AND SPANISH. WE WILL WORK TO GET THE VIDEOS BACK ON TRACK AS SOON AS POSSIBLE. WE APOLOGIZE FOR YOUR CONVENIENCE.
El Carud había servido con el Teniente John Fox. John Fox era el observador avanzado de una Artillería para la 366 Infantería. Él ejemplificó el espíritu impresionante del soldado negro. Cuando las tropas enemigas rodearon la posición del Teniente dentro de una casa y estuvieron a punto de invadirlo, él pidió el fuego de artillería directamente en su propia posición, sacrificando su vida. Las acciones heroicas del zorro compraron el tiempo valioso que la ayuda salva otras tropas. Heroics del zorro ocurrió el 26 de diciembre de 1944.
LA SIGUIENTE BATALLA PRINCIPAL POR PRIMER SGT CARUD BAILEY y la 366 DIVISIÓN de la 92 INFANTERÍA OCURRIRÍA EN EL FEBRERO DE 1945
EL QUINTO EJÉRCITO POSPUSO LA OFENSIVA PRINCIPAL HASTA ABRIL DEBIDO A CONDICIONES METEOROLÓGICAS. LA ALMENDRA GENERAL DECIDIÓ QUE SU DIVISIÓN LANZARÍA UN ATAQUE EN FEBRERO.
LA ALMENDRA GENERAL DECIDIÓ PROBAR FUERZA ENEMIGA Y DESPLIEGUE, DIBUJAR MÁS TROPAS ENEMIGAS AL ÁREA Y REALZAR LA PROPIA POSICIÓN DE LA DIVISIÓN.
LAS TROPAS EN EL VALLE SERCHIO DEBÍAN CAPTURAR EL PUENTE, CERCA DEL DEPÓSITO DE SUMINISTRO ALEMÁN. ELLOS DEBÍAN CREAR UNA DESVIACIÓN MIENTRAS EL ASALTO PRINCIPAL SE CONCENTRÓ EN EL SECTOR COSTERO. LA ALMENDRA ESPERÓ ALCANZAR LA MASA DE COLINA STRETTOIA EN LA COSTA, SÓLO AL NORTE DEL CANAL CINQUALE, Y LUEGO TOMAR MASSA. UNA VEZ EN MASSA, LA ARTILLERÍA AMERICANA VENDRÍA DENTRO DEL CAMPO DE TIRO DE LA BASE NAVAL DEL ENEMIGO.
Las 370 y 371 UNIDADES OCUPARON EL SECTOR COSTERO MIENTRAS la 365 INFANTERÍA FUE AL VALLE SERCHIO. LA UNIDAD DEL BAILEY, el 366 FUE DIVIDIDO ENTRE AMBAS ÁREAS.
El 4 de FEBRERO, la 366 UNIDAD CAPTURÓ el GALLICANO, y al día siguiente EMPUJÓ EN LOS MUNICIPIOS PERIFÉRICOS. El 365, al ESTE DEL RÍO SERCHI, TOMÓ UNA CIUDAD SÓLO AL NORTE de SOMMOCOLONIA, y OCUPÓ EL PIE DE LA COLINA. El 365 RESISTIÓ A NUMEROSOS CONTRAATAQUES HASTA EL 8 DE FEBRERO, CUANDO UN BATALLÓN LLENO DE ALEMANES EMPUJÓ A LOS AMERICANOS ATRÁS. EN EL ANOCHECER, EL 10 DE FEBRERO, DESPUÉS DE ENCONTRAR FUEGO DE ARTILLERÍA PENOSO Y ATAQUES DE GRANADERO, LOS SOLDADOS DE BÚFALO del 366 VOLVIERON A TOMAR LA CIUDAD.
LOS SOLDADOS DE BÚFALO EN LA COSTA FUERON GOLPEADOS TAN CON FUERZA COMO SUS COMPAÑEROS EN EL VALLE. LOS ALEMANES TENÍAN TANQUES, ARTILLERÍA, Y MILES DE TROPAS PARA PROTEGER LASPEZIA Y ELLOS TAMBIÉN USARON UN ARMA COSTERA PESADA, QUE ERAN NO DISPONIBLES A LOS AMERICANOS. EL FUEGO DEL ARMA PODEROSA DEJÓ CRÁTERES TAN GRANDES QUE LOS TANQUES ALIADOS LITERALMENTE SE CAYERON EN ELLOS.
El RESTO del 366 y OTRA UNIDAD NEGRA, el 748 TANQUE AVANZADO POR BATALLÓN A LO LARGO DE LA COSTA. LOS TANQUES QUE LLEVAN el 366 VIAJARON EN EL MAR PARA EVITAR MINAS. LOS DOS PRIMEROS TANQUES PARA GOLPEAR LA PLAYA ERAN STRUCKED CON MINAS Y BLOQUEARON EL CAMINO. DENTRO DE POCO LAS MINAS DESTRUYERON CUATRO TANQUES ADICIONALES. EL MAL TIEMPO, PARANDO EL QUINTO EJÉRCITO HASTA ABRIL, PARÓ EL APOYO AÉREO PARA LOS SOLDADOS DE BÚFALO. EL FUEGO DE ARTILLERÍA IMPIDIÓ A INGENIEROS CONSTRUIR UN PUENTE. TRES TANQUES FUERON PERDIDOS CUANDO ELLOS SE CAYERON A CRÁTERES CRUZANDO EL CANAL.
A PESAR DE NUMEROSOS CONTRAATAQUES, LOS SOLDADOS DE BÚFALO ESTABLECIERON UNA LÍNEA DE DEFENSA AL NORTE DEL CANAL. SIN UN PUENTE, ELLOS TUVIERON QUE LLEVAR PROVISIONES DE EJÉRCITO A TRAVÉS DEL AGUA EN LA MANO. LAS PÉRDIDAS DE SOLDADO MONTABAN, Y LAS ARMAS COSTERAS SIGUIERON GOLPEANDO CON FUERZA. DURANTE LA NOCHE DEL 10 DE FEBRERO, LA ALMENDRA SUSPENDIÓ EL ATAQUE Y ORDENÓ QUE SUS TROPAS SE RETIRARAN ATRÁS A TRAVÉS DEL CANAL. LA OPERACIÓN DE FEBRERO CUESTA 22 TANQUES y más de 1,100 MUERTES. PRIMERO SGT. El CARUD BAILEY ERA UNA DE AQUELLAS MUERTES. ÉL HABÍA DADO SU VIDA PARA LA DOBLE VICTORIA.
Soy el Coronel Murphy, Estados Unidos. De ejército jubilado, y GRACIAS POR mirar el SEGMENTO MILITAR DEL CALENDARIO DE MES DE HISTORIA FEBONE1960.NET NEGRO. Venga otra vez MAÑANA CUANDO AFRONTAMOS UN ENFRENTAMIENTO con JIM CROW.

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    Posted 4 years, 7 months ago at 6:15 pm. Add a comment

    He’s In The Army Now

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    Mariah and Curtis were very proud of their second born son Carud Bailey. Carud was born in 1919 in Society Hill, S.C. and was baptized at Bethesda Baptist Church. At the age of eighteen, he became a selected member of the civilian conservation corp. President Franklin D. Roosevelt established the civilian conservation corp., or the CCC under his new deal. Its sole purpose was to create jobs for young men between the ages of 17 and 23 during the depression. Corp members were paid $30.00 per month. $25.00 was sent home to their family for support. Curtis and Mariah received $25.00 per month for three years. After completing his third year, Carud joined the military enlisting on August 23rd 1941. Carud was shipped to Panama. Carud like many young men from the area had shipped out of Fort Bragg North Carolina. While in Panama, the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor. On March 1st 1944 Carud was shipped overseas. He was a member of the 366th division of the 92nd Infantry also known as the Buffalo Soldiers. He would not be the first Buffalo Soldier in the family. Mariah’s older sister Daisy, had married a Buffalo Soldier by the name Preston Brooks Dixon. Carud would not be the only family member to join the military during WWII. Carud’s cousins Millings and Lawson Bonaparte would also served during WWII. They were the grandsons of June Bonaparte.

    Daisy Wilson Dixon and Preston Brooks Dixon grandson Wilbur Amiel Dixon also known as Joe Dixon served with distinction as a Tuskegee Airman. Like his grandfather, Joe made the military his career. His distinguish career began in Guam fighting the Japanese at the end of WWII.

    The Tuskegee Airmen as members of the 332nd fighter squadron of the U.S. Army Corp. were African American pilots who flew with distinction during WWII, under the leadership of Benjamin O. Davis.

    Join us tomorrow for the continuation of He’s In The Army Now.

    For Spanish and hearing impaired versions, please go to the Febone1960.net Black History Month Calendar
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      Posted 4 years, 7 months ago at 4:03 am. Add a comment